ISTC-CC Summer 2012 Newsletter — The ISTC-CC Update — now available.
FEB 7, 2013
Onur Mutlu has been appointed the Dr. William D. and Nancy W. Strecker Early Career Professor in the top-ranked Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Mutlu, who directs the SAFARI research group at CMU, says his group is researching how to make computing platforms and chips — from those used in mobile systems to those used in large-scale data centers — much more energy-efficient, predictable, robust and capable. A major focus of his group is developing microprocessors, computer memories and platforms that can efficiently, quickly and reliably store, manipulate and communicate massive amounts of data. To do this, Mutlu's group is rethinking how computer memory should be designed.
-- Carnegie Mellon 8.5x11 News, Feb. 7, 2013
FEB 7, 2013
Aapo Kyrölä, a Ph.D. student in the Computer Science Department, has been awarded a 2013 Graduate Fellowship from the VMWare Academic Program to support his work on large-scale machine learning and graph computation.
He is one of three recipients this year of the fellowship, which begins in September and includes a stipend of $35,000, plus full tuition and fees. The fellowship supports outstanding students who are pursuing research related to VMWare's business interests, such as core machine virtualization and work related to cloud computing.
Kyrölä's main research project is GraphChi, a disk-based system for computing efficiently on graphs with billions of edges, such as social networks or web graphs. By using a novel Parallel Sliding Windows algorithm, GraphChi is able to execute many advanced data mining, machine learning and recommendation algorithms using just a single consumer-level computer. GraphChi is part of the GraphLab project. Guy Blelloch, professor of computer science, and Carlos Guestrin, now at the University of Washington, are his advisers.
-- Carnegie Mellon 8.5x11 News, Feb. 7, 2013
FEB 7, 2013
Gennady Pekhimenko, a Ph.D. student in the Computer Science Department, is among 12 students of U.S. universities who are recipients of 2013 Microsoft Research Ph.D. Fellowships.
Pekhimenko's research focus is improving energy and performance characteristics of modern memory subsystems. In particular, he is applying new compression algorithms to on-chip caches and main memory to provide higher capacity with minimal hardware changes to existing designs.
The two-year fellowship covers all tuition and fees for the 2013-14 and 2014-15 academic years and includes a travel allowance, the offer of a paid internship, and a $28,000 annual stipend.
-- Carnegie Mellon 8.5x11 News, Feb. 7, 2013
FEB 5, 2013
Congratulations to David Andersen and Michael Kaminsky for winning the Allen Newell Award for Research Excellence!
The Allen Newell Award for Research Excellence is awarded (roughly) annually by the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon. It recognizes an outstanding body of work that epitomizes Allen Newell's research style as expressed in his words: "Good science responds to real phenomena or real problems. Good science is in the details. Good science makes a difference."
David and Michael won the award for “Energy-efficient Data Intensive Computing” for their FAWN project, which is part of the Intel Science & Technology Center for Cloud Computing. FAWN (Fast Array of Wimpy Nodes) demonstrates how many low-power (e.g., Atom) nodes with SSDs provides significant energy-efficiency gains for important cloud workloads such as key-value stores, and how to redesign system software to get the maximum benefit from such platforms.
DEC 12, 2012
Congratulations to Soila Pertet Kavulya and co-authors Elmer Garduno, Jiaqi Tan, Rajeev Gandhi, and Priya Narasimhan, all of CMU, for winning Best Student Paper at 26th USENIX Large Installation System Administration Conference (LISA'12), Dec 9-14, SanDiego, CA for their work on visualization for failure diagnosis in the paper "Theia: Visual Signatures for Problem Diagnosisi in Large Haddop Clusters."
DEC 11, 2012
Congratulations to Garth Gibson (CMU) and Ion Stoica (UC Berkeley), who have been named Class of 2012 ACM Fellows. Garth was cited for "contributions to the performance and reliability of storage systems." Ion Stoica was named for "contributions to networking, distributed systems, and cloud computing." The full list of awardees can be found here: http://www.acm.org/press-room/news-releases/2012/fellows-2012.
DEC 8, 2012
In an example of how the collaborative efforts of Intel and the members of the Intel Science & Technology Center for Cloud Computing can produce important technology advancements, Intel has released beta open source software, called GraphBuilder, to help data scientists in industry and academia to rapidly develop new applications that draw insights from Big Data. GraphBuilder is the first scalable open source library to take large data sets and construct them into "Graphs," web-like structures that outline relationships among data. For a more in-depth explanation of Graphlab and constructing graphs from Big Data, see Ted Willke's blog on the subject.
Several Tech News outlets have highlighted the release:
Intel's Open Source Technology Center has released GraphBuilder, an open source tool that you can use to create web-like structures for analyzing big data. GraphBuilder is a Java library for constructing graphs out of large datasets for data analytics and ...
Intel Open Sources Tool for Rapid Big Data App Development - ADT Magazine
Currently in beta, GraphBuilder is designed "to help data scientists in industry and academia to rapidly develop new applications that draw insights from big data," said Connie Brown in an announcement on the Intel Web site. "Developed by Intel Labs, ...
Currently at beta stage release, GraphBuilder's Ronseal naming is appropriate enough given its ability to construct large-scale graphs for software system frameworks devoted to big data analysis. The tool also claims to be able to offloads many of the ...
Building graphs with Hadoop - The H
That's why Intel has announced the release of the open source GraphBuilder library, a tool that is meant to help scientists and developers working with large amounts of data build applications that make sense of this data. The library plugs into Apache ...
Intel said that its GraphBuilder tool would aim to fill a market void in the handling of big data for computer learning. Currently available as a beta release, the tool allows developers to construct large graphs which can then be used with big data analysis ...
Intel Corporation (NASDAQ:INTC) launches a large data analysis tool ... - PT News (subscription)
It was explained by the company, “GraphBuilder” is designed to fill a market void in the usage of big data for computer learning. This tool is presently accessible as a beta release; it enables the developer make large graphs that can be used with large data ...
NOV 28, 2012
Carnegie Mellon University's Onur Mutlu has received the prestigious 2012 Intel Early Career Faculty Award for outstanding research and educational contributions in the field of computer architecture.
"I am honored and humbled to receive this award as I work with my students and collaborators to develop fundamental breakthroughs to enable future computer systems that are much more efficient, resilient, predictable and economical," said Mutlu, an assistant professor in CMU's Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. "We have been developing many new ways to solve efficiency, predictability and robustness problems and combat denial of service attacks so endemic in today's computer systems. My group aims to rethink the ways in which we design three fundamental functions of all computers, computation, storage (memory) and communication."
Intel's Early Career Faculty Honor Program award provides financial and networking support to those faculty members who are early in their careers and who show great promise as future academic leaders in disruptive computing technologies. The purpose of the program is to help promote the careers of promising early career faculty members and to foster long-term collaborative relationships with senior technical leaders at Intel. The $40,000 award is designed to cover some research costs and travel.
"We are extremely pleased that Professor Mutlu is being recognized with this award. He is a uniquely talented researcher," said Ed Schlesinger, the Schramm Professor and head of CMU's Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. "Mutlu is pioneering developments in computer systems that will improve performance, lower production costs, as well as enhance programmer productivity."
Mutlu, who directs the SAFARI research group at CMU, reports that his group is developing microprocessors, computer memories and platforms that can efficiently and reliably store, manipulate and communicate massive amounts of data. Mutlu's group is designing systems to be resilient to potential cybersecurity attacks and failures by researching ways to make them much more robust and predictable.
A large focus of Mutlu's current research is on new memory architecture and technologies to make computers store and manipulate data more efficiently and reliably.
Mutlu's research has received several other prestigious recognitions, including numerous best paper awards and "Top Pick" paper selections by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Micro journal. In 2011, he received the Young Computer Architect Award from IEEE Computer Society's Technical Committee on Computer Architecture. And in 2012, CMU's College of Engineering recognized him with the George Tallman Ladd Research Award.
Mutlu received his bachelor's degrees in computer engineering and psychology in 2000 from the University of Michigan, and a master's degree in 2002 and a Ph.D. in 2006 in computer engineering, both from the University of Texas at Austin. Before coming to CMU, Mutlu worked at Microsoft Research and spent summers at Intel and Advanced Micro Devices.
For more on Mutlu's research and publication work, visit the following links: http://www.ece.cmu.edu/~safari/, http://users.ece.cmu.edu/~omutlu/projects.htm, http://www.cmu.edu/news/stories/archives/2011/august/aug8_mutluaward.html, and http://www.ece.cmu.edu/news/story/2012/02/ece_faculty_earn.html.
--CMU News, Nov. 28, 2012
NOV 12, 2012
It has been announced by the Sloan Foundation that they are giving CMU $400K over two years to develop a production-quality open-source implementation of " Olive." Olive is the project name for VM-based archiving of executable content in the cloud. Combined with a similar grant from the Institute for Museum and Library Science, this gives the project $800K over two years. The grant will support the technical development of a platform for archiving executable content and the environment in which it runs, as well as a plan for the institutionalization and ongoing sustainability of such an archive. The archived VM images will be executed "close to the user" --- at a native Linux client, or in a cloudlet with one-hop VNC to iOS/Android/Windows tablet or smartphone.
July 18, 2012
We are pleased to announce that Margaret Martonosi has been chosen the Hugh Trumbull Adams '35 Professor of Computer Science. Margaret's research interests include computer architectures and the hardware/software interface, particularly power-efficient systems, and embedded systems issues in mobile networks.
July 20, 2012
The recent First GraphLab Workshop on Large-scale Machine Learning brought together industry and academic professionals to explore the state-of-the-art on the development of machine-learning techniques for working with huge data sets. The GraphLab Workshop included about 320 participants and 15 talks and demonstrations on systems, abstractions, languages, and algorithms for large-scale data analysis. GraphLab is particularly suited to problems with dependencies in the data, which cannot be easily or efficiently separated into independent subproblems. The workshop also included the release of GraphLab 2.1, an updated abstraction that increases the scalability of GraphLab and GraphChi, which is able to solve Web-scale problems on a single personal computer. Several of the workshop's talks included announcements on new big data developments, including Intel's Ted Wilke's announcement of the development of GraphBuilder, which uses Hadoop to overcome the gap between unstructured data and the formation of the data's graph of dependencies. The workshop also featured several short discussions led by participants from Yahoo!, Twitter, Stanford University, Netflix, Pandora, IBM, and One Kings Lane.
MAY 25, 2012
A team from the ISTC for Cloud Computing--Babu Pillai, Michael Kaminsky, Mike Kozuch (Intel Labs), and Dave Andersen (CMU)--were announced winners in 3 categories of the 2012 JouleSort competition, setting new records for fewest joules needed to sort 108, 109, and 1010 records. The team used an Intel Core i7-2700K desktop processor, coupled with 16 Intel 710 Series SSDs to beat existing energy efficiency records in the 10GB, 100GB, and 1TB categories by 2.6% (their record from last year), 33%, and 729%, respectively. See http://sortbenchmark.org/ for further details.
MAY 15, 2012
We are pleased to announce that this year's recipient of the Alumni Award for Undergraduate Excellence in Computer Science is Nikhil Khadke, for his work entitled "Transparent System Call Based Performance Debugging for Cloud Computing." Nikhil is advised by Priya Narasimhan.
MARCH 30, 2012
Garth Gibson and Randy Katz have been awarded the 2012 Jean-Claude Laprie Award in Dependable Computing, Industrial/Commercial Product Impact Category, by the IFIP Working Group 10.4 on Dependable Computing and Fault Tolerance. The award is for outstanding papers published at least 10 years ago that have significantly influenced the theory and/or practice of dependable computing, and given for "A Case for Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID)," by D.A. Patterson, G.A. Gibson, and R.H. Katz, Proc. of 1988 ACM SIGMOD Int. Conf. on Management of Data, June 2, 1998. The groundbreaking paper introduced the concept of RAID, which rapidly became the common configuration paradigm for disks at all but the very low end of the server market. Its impact is primarily to industry where RAID was a truly disruptive technology. The RAID levels as defined in this paper persist to the present day. The paper familiarized development engineers who didn't normally work in the area of High Availability or Fault Tolerance with the concepts of improving reliability and availability through redundancy.
The award will be made at the 42nd Annual IEEE/IFIP Dependable Systems and Networks Conference (DSN), Boston, MA, June 25-28, 2012.
-- info from http://www.dependability.org/articles/laprie/laprie2012.html
FEB 23, 2012
Onur Mutlu, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering has received the George Tallman Ladd Research Award. The G.T. Ladd award is made to a faculty member within the Carnegie Institute of Technology in recognition of outstanding research and professional accomplishments and potential. The award is in the form of a memento and an honorarium. More than one award may be made in each year and is made based on excellence in research as measured by scholarly publications, research program development, development of funding, and awards and other recognition. Congratulations Onur!
JAN 5, 2012
"Dave Andersen looked into a desk drawer filled with tiny computers. Each was no bigger than a hardback novel, and their chips ran no faster than 600 MHz. Built by a little-known company called Soekris Engineering, they were meant to be wireless access points or network firewalls, and that's how Andersen — a computer science professor at Carnegie Mellon — used them in a previous research project. But that project was over, and he thought: "They've got to be good for something else."" [more]
Wired -- Jan 5, 2012
DEC 25, 2011
Many years later, CMU's seminal work on
distributed file systems continues to have huge impact on the field.
From AFS to Coda, CMU's work has laid a foundation atop which some of the
most popular cloud backup and sharing systems, such as Dropbox and iCloud,
are built. Check out this Wired article for more.
Wired -- December 25, 2011
DEC 8, 2011
Congratulations to Guy Blelloch, who has been made an ACM Fellow for his contributions to parallel computing. The ACM Fellows Program was established by Council in 1993 to recognize and honor outstanding ACM members for their achievements in computer science and information technology and for their significant contributions to the mission of the ACM. The ACM Fellows serve as distinguished colleagues to whom the ACM and its members look for guidance and leadership as the world of information technology evolves.
OCT 25, 2011
We are very pleased to announce that Garth Gibson's original RAID paper from SIGMOD 1988 --- "A Case for Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks" by Patterson, Gibson and Katz --- was one of the four papers to be honored as a 2011 SIGOPS Hall of Fame Award paper. The award was made at the 23rd ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles (SOSP), October 23-26, 2011, Cascais, Portugal.
The SIGOPS Hall of Fame Award was instituted in 2005 to recognize the most influential Operating
Systems papers that were published at least ten years in the past. The Hall of Fame Award Committee consists of past program chairs from SOSP, OSDI, EuroSys, past Weiser and Turing Award winners from the SIGOPS community, and representatives of each of the Hall of Fame Award papers.
Intel Labs Invests $30M in the Future of Cloud and Embedded Computing with the Opening of Latest Intel Science and Technology Centers
AUG 3, 2011
SANTA CLARA, Calif., August 3, 2011 – Aimed at shaping the future of cloud computing and how increasing numbers of everyday devices will add computing capabilities, Intel Labs announced the latest Intel Science and Technology Centers (ISTC) for Cloud Computing Research and for Embedded Computing, both headquartered at Carnegie Mellon University.
The ISTC for Cloud Computing forms a new cloud computing research community that broadens Intel's "Cloud 2015" vision with new ideas from top academic researchers, and includes research that extends and improves on Intel's existing cloud computing initiatives. The center combines top researchers from Carnegie Mellon University, Georgia Institute of Technology, University of California Berkeley, Princeton University, and Intel. The researchers will explore technology that will have has important future implications for the cloud, including built-in application optimization, more efficient and effective support of big data analytics on massive amounts of online data, and making the cloud more distributed and localized by extending cloud capabilities to the network edge and even to client devices.
In the future, these capabilities could enable a digital personal handler via a device wired into your glasses that sees what you see, to constantly pull data from the cloud and whisper information to you during the day -- telling you who people are, where to buy an item you just saw, or how to adjust your plans when something new comes up.
-- from Intel News Room, by Connie Brown
JUNE 30, 2011
Congratulations to Prof. M. Satyanarayanan (Satya), who was awarded the SIGMOBILE 2010 Outstanding Contributions Award "for pioneering a wide spectrum of technologies in support of disconnected and weakly connected mobile clients" at Mobisys 2011. He joins an illustrious group of previous winners, including Prof. Daniel P. Siewiorek in 2006, who received the award "for pioneering fundamental contributions to wearable and context-aware computing." The SIGMOBILE Outstanding Contribution Award is given for significant and lasting contributions to the research on mobile computing and communications and wireless networking.
FAWN TEAM Winner of 2011 10GB JouleSort Daytona and Indy categories
The FAWN team, a joint Intel-CMU group, including Padmanabhan Pillai, Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch, Vijay Vasudevan, Lawrence Tan and David G. Andersen won the 2011 10GB JouleSort competition using a Sandy Bridge-based platform with Intel SSDs. For more details see FAWNSort: Energy-efficient Sorting of 10GB and the Sort Benchmark Home Page.
JUNE 23, 2011
ECE Assistant Professor Onur Mutlu has earned the inaugural IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Computer Architecture's Young Computer Architect Award "in recognition of outstanding contributions in the field of computer architecture in both research and education." The award recognizes outstanding contributions in the field of computer architecture by an individual who received their Ph.D. within six years of their nomination.
-- 8.5x11 News, June 23, 2011, Vol. 21, No. 49
JUNE 6, 2011
Electrical Engineering Graduate Student Carole-Jean Wu has won the Intel Corporation PhD Fellowship for the 2011-2012 academic year. The focus of her research (under the advising of Princeton Professor Margaret Martonosi) is on shared resource management for CMP systems. This fellowship is awarded to exceptional Ph.D. candidates engaging in innovative work in fields related to Intel's business and research interests. In addition to the cash award, recipients of this fellowship are also prioritized for internship and hiring within the company.
SWAPNIL PATIL RECEIVES ACM STUDENT RESEARCH AWARD!
JUNE 4, 2011
Swapnil Patil, a PhD student in computer science at Carnegie Mellon, took first place in the graduate student category of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Student Research Competition Grand Finals. Patil received the award June 4 at the ACM Awards Banquet in San Jose, CA, for his development of a file system director service that scales to millions of files, which he presented at SC10, the international conference for high performance computing, networking, storage and analysis. ACM's Student Research Program is sponsored by Microsoft Research to encourage students to pursue careers in computer science research, and to ensure the future of scientific discovery and innovation. The competitions, held at 13 major ACM Special Interest Group conferences within the last year, featured research projects produced by an international array of computer science graduate and undergraduate students. Winners from each of the SIG competitions were then eligible to compete in the Grand Finals.
THREE Mutlu Papers Named Top Picks
FEBRUARY 28, 2011
Three research papers co-authored by Assistant Professor of ECE Onur Mutlu have been published in a collection of 2010's most significant computer architecture papers, as chosen by IEEE Micro magazine. At the beginning of each year, the leading IEEE periodical in computer architecture and design selects 10–12 "Top Pick" computer architecture papers of the past year based on the publication's novelty and potential for long-term impact. Eleven were selected for 2010.
The first publication, "Aergia: Exploiting Packet Latency Slack in On-Chip Networks," highlights more efficient on-chip communication mechanisms. It introduces methods that identify messages critical for system performance in multicore systems and develops scheduling policies that take advantage of this information. The paper — co-written by Mutlu, Reetuparna Das (Intel), Chita Das (Penn State University), and Thomas Moscibroda (Microsoft Research) — originally appeared at the 37th International Symposium on Computer Architecture (ISCA). The Top Picks version of the paper is available here.
In the second Top Pick, "Data Marshaling for Multicore Architectures," Mutlu and colleagues from the HPS Research Group at the University of Texas at Austin develop hardware/software cooperative methods to reduce the performance overhead of remotely executing a code segment in a multicore system. The paper, co-written by Aater Suleman, Jose Joao, Khubaib, and Yale Patt, also originally appeared at the 37th ISCA. The Top Picks version of the paper is available here.
The third paper, "Thread Cluster Memory Scheduling: Exploiting Differences in Memory Access Behavior," presents a new memory scheduling algorithm that addresses system throughput and fairness separately with the goal of achieving the best of both. This paper, co-authored by Yoongu Kim, Michael Papamichael and Mor Harchol-Balter, appeared in the Proceedings of the 43rd International Symposium on Microarchitecture (MICRO), pages 65-76, Atlanta, GA, December 2010.
For more on Mutlu's work, visit www.ece.cmu.edu/~safari/.
--from ECE News, Feb 28, 2011
Sloan Fellowships for 2011 Announced
Congratulations to David Andersen has been named a 2011 Sloan Foundation Fellow. The complete list of awardees is here.
Gregory Ganger Earns ECE Professorship For Expertise In Computer Systems
FEBRUARY 10, 2011
Gregory R. Ganger was awarded the Stephen J. Jatras Professorship in Electrical and Computer Engineering for cutting-edge work in computer systems. The professorship is named for the late Stephen J. Jatras (E'47), former chairman of the Telex Corp. and a leader in a variety of academic, civic and community organizations stretching from Pittsburgh to Tulsa, OK.
Ganger, who recently testified in Washington, D.C., about the risks and benefits of cloud computing, is internationally recognized for his work in computer systems, such as storage systems, distributed systems and operating systems.
Since 2001, Ganger has served as director of the Parallel Data Lab (PDL), where he is collaborating with HP labs on a research initiative focused on cloud computing issues through the prestigious HP Labs Innovation Program. More than 50 students, staff and faculty contribute to PDL research activities, and 19 of the top companies sponsor and participate in the ongoing work.
"Greg is an outstanding researcher, educator and academic leader. His work addresses fundamental engineering challenges, and solves important problems even while he builds unique systems and organizations. He is a wonderful example of the spirit of Carnegie Mellon's culture of collaboration," said Ed Schlesinger, head of Carnegie Mellon's Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.
-- 8.5x11 News, Feb. 10, 2011 - Vol. 21, No. 30
BEST PAPER AWARD
AUGUST 15, 2010
Congratulations to M. Martonosi and her group for winning the best paper award for "Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost" at the first International Green Computing Conference (IGCC), held in Chicago, IL in August 2010.
JUNE 30, 2010
In testimony to the U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform and the Subcommittee on Government Management, Organization and Procurement, Gregory Ganger discussed the benefits and risks of using cloud computing.
Ganger, head of Carnegie Mellon's Parallel Data Lab and a professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, said that cloud computing has the potential to provide large efficiency improvements for federal information technology (IT) functions. Cloud computing refers to computing that is based on the Internet, which allows computer users to share software, databases and other services that are provided or managed by other parties over the Web. This contrasts with personal computing, where all data storage and processing occurs within the user's computer and uses software loaded onto that computer.
Ganger recommended to federal officials that the government support both standardization and research/experimentation efforts in the pursuit of cloud computing's potential. He also noted that moving federal IT "to the cloud" will require significant technical and change management training for IT staff and managers as well as explicit information and effort sharing across a broad swath of federal agencies considering the use of cloud computing.
"Cloud computing is an exciting realization of a long-sought concept: computing as a utility. Pursuing judicious use for federal IT functions is important, given the large potential benefits," Ganger said.
-- from Carnegie Mellon Media Notification, June 30, 2010
August 10, 2011 - First Bell
Intel To Fund Research Centers At Carnegie Mellon University
August 9, 2011 - Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
Intel to fund pair of research centers at CMU
August 3, 2011 - Forbes
Intel Invests For Everyone's Future
August 3, 2011 - Network World
Intel extends cloud research to consumer devices
August 3, 2011 - eWeek
Intel Invests $30 Million in Cloud, Embedded Research Centers
August 3, 2011 - San Jose Business Journal
Intel puts $30M into new science & tech centers
August 3, 2011 - Pittsburgh Business Times
Intel investing $30M in new centers at CMU
August 3, 2011 - EE Times
Intel tips more university research centers
August 3, 2011 - TechEye
Intel pumps $30 million into cloud research
August 3, 2011 - IT World
Intel Labs invests $30 million in the cloud, embedded computing
August 3, 2011 - Cloud IT Pro
Intel earmarks $30 million for new cloud centers